When writing dissertations, remember that their opening chapter is an important part because it’s the first thing that all readers notice, besides abstracts and titles. A dissertation introduction should provide a brief overview of your entire work, set its tone, explain basic purposes, and leave a positive impression on people who read it. A bad start can ruin even your perfect piece of writing.
Find some time to study the main elements of any winning dissertation introduction, such as cogence, succinctness, and clarity. Adhere to your chosen topic strictly because it will set you on right track as you continue writing every subsequent section of this complex academic project.
What is a dissertation introduction?
All students should who ask this question should know that it’s an opening chapter or starting point of their academic project where they need to describe its subject, include a clear problem statement, and an overview of their further work.
What is its basic purpose?
The main idea of writing the introduction for a dissertation is to achieve these basic goals:
- Introducing your interesting topic and the main purpose of your study;
- Demonstrate the relevance of your discussion;
- Convince readers of its practical and scientific relevance;
- Catch their attention by using strong examples from related sources.
What to write in a dissertation introduction?
What to write in a dissertation introduction? It’s one of the most common questions that students ask, and they should get more information and review these basic parts:
- Motivation or problem indication;
- Practical and theoretical research relevance;
- Basic objective;
- Current scientific situation;
- A brief description of their research design;
Motivation or problem indication
It determines that area of your further research and it can include anything that interests you a lot. Pick an interesting example to encourage people to read more.
Define the topic of your dissertation and describe it in its introduction based on your chosen problem indication or motivation. Avoid falling into the common trap pf researching too much. Analyze relevant literature and look for any unique niche.
Practical and theoretical relevance of your research
Use strong arguments and your knowledge to state the scientific relevance of your research. Cite scientific articles and combine them to achieve this goal. Highlight the discussion chapters of any studies that you will use and explain the practical use of your project on this page. Ask your friends for help if you find this task difficult as they can offer different views on your subject. Show practical benefits in your dissertation introduction.
Current scientific situation linked to your research theme
In this part of your dissertation introduction, specify important scientific articles or other sources that relate to its theme and explain them briefly. This is how you show readers that your topic has many relevant studies and it’s easy to find information on it.
What is your objective?
Describe the main objective of your academic paper and share its formulated problem statement (keep in mind that these are different). To answer your problem statement, use research questions or hypotheses. Their basis if your conceptual framework. If you can’t formulate any strong hypotheses for different reasons, conduct your literature review before developing a conceptual framework.
A brief description of your research design
In a dissertation introduction, provide readers with its brief summary because you’ll develop your research design in other paragraphs in detail. It determines when and where you conduct your research.
In this part of the introduction, you briefly describe the structure of your dissertation and sum up every paragraph in one clear sentence. Don’t phrase your outline repetitively. Vary your word choice when writing it.
Start with your research proposal
Your action plan or research proposal can be a great start for writing your excellent dissertation introduction. You’ll end up noticing that you get many parts. Although the introduction is always at the beginning of any dissertation, it doesn’t mean that you should finish this paragraph before writing other sections. The further you get in this project, the easier it becomes to write its good opening and ensure that it’s to the point. Feel free to write your this important paragraph later.
To effectively indicate what you’ll discuss and introduce your main subject, be sure to use the simple present tense. If you provide any background information in your dissertation introduction, use the present perfect or simple past tense.
What about its length?
There are no strict requirements or set rules when it comes to the correct length of your dissertation introduction. That’s why you shouldn’t squeeze everything on the same page. Avoid repeating yourself, write everything to the point, and include only the facts or details necessary to introduce your research and theme.
Proofreading and revising
As with any other type of academic writing, proofreading and revising will help you improve the quality of your dissertation introduction. It should hold readers’ attention while leading them into your study. Ensure that you have enough time to write a good one and don’t view it as a last minute job.
Good ideas to make your dissertation introduction strong
- Write an interesting opening sentence to hold your readers’ attention at once;
- Avoid giving any promises that you won’t deliver later;
- Don’t try to share everything in your dissertation introduction because it should outline the scope and major idea of your work;
- Keep your language straightforward.
What are possible problems?
There are certain problems that students face when they write a dissertation introduction that becomes:
- Formula-written and predictable or lacks a sense of commitment and enthusiasm;
- Very detailed, thus spoiling a surprise effect for targeted readers;
- Lengthier than needed.
Effective steps to take
In many academic disciplines, one of the main aspects of writing a dissertation introduction is to attract readers’ interest. How to achieve this goal? There are some effective moves that can help you succeed, including:
- Establishing a specific research territory by showing your targeted audience that it’s central, significant, problematic, or interesting;
- Introducing and evaluating previous research in the same area;
- Determine your niche by indicating any gaps in previous studies or extending the past knowledge in any possible way.
A good dissertation introduction also allows you to occupy this niche by doing the following:
- Listing hypotheses or research questions;
- Stating the nature of your current research or outlining its basic purposes;
- Indicating the structure of your academic project;
- Announcing important research findings;
- Stating the value of previous studies in the same field.
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